FILL IN THE GAP EXERCISE
KEY TO INTERACTIVE EXERCISE
BACK TO 2ºBACHILLERATO
VERBS FOLLOWED DIRECTLY BY THE INFINITIVE
MAKE UP ONE'S MIND
FOLLOWED BY INFINITIVE OR OBJECT +INFINITIVE.
ASK , BEG + INFINITIVE.
I asked to speak= Could I speak ?
ASK, BEG +OBJECT +INFINITIVE
I asked him to speak louder= demand
EXPECT + TO INFINITIVE
I expect to arrive= It is likely that I will arrive
EXPECT+ object + TO INFINITIVE
I expect her to do her job= He thinks it is her duty.
LIKE (= THINK
WISE: I like my children to sit at the table before me)
3. VERBS F0LLOWED BY OBJECT + INFINITIVE
ASSUME, BELIEVE, CONSIDER, FEEL, KNOW, SUPPOSE, THINK
ex: I consider
him to be the best candidate.
He is known to be honest
He is supposed to finish by eight o'clock (=
in the passive: obligation)
4. VERBS FOLLOWED BY INFINITIVE WITHOUT TO.
auxiliaries and modal auxiliaries
RATHER/ WOULD SOONER
RATHER/ SOONER THAN
FEEL, HEAR, SEE + PLAIN INFINITIVE
ex: I felt the house shake but
The house was seen to move in
MAKE/LET somebody do something
5. INFINITIVE OF PURPOSE AFTER GO AND COME.
They went to Amsterdam to buy
to find changes to Go and find
6. THE FIRST, THE SECOND, THE LAST, SUPERLATIVES +
The first to come received a prize
The best book to buy is this one
7. NOTHING, SOMETHING, SOMEWHERE, ETC + TO-INFINITIVE.
There's nothing to do here
8. ADJECTIVE +TO-INFINITIVE.
it is easy to talk to you.
it is a wonderful country to visit
9.TOO/ENOUGH + TO-INFINITIVE
We are too young to enter
We are not old enough to enter
10 INFINITIVE AS SUBJECT
BE, SEEM, APPEAR , the to-infinitive can be subject of a sentence.
ex: To hesitate would have been fatal
but it is more normal to say
it would have been fatal to hesitate
is also possible to refer to general sense, but to-infinitive is preferred for
ex: It was impossible to refuse refuses to a particular action but
to speak generally we should say
Refusing is sometimes impossible
1. GERUND AS SUBJECT
Reading French is easier than speaking it is
the same as
It is easier to read French than to speak
the best sport
2. GERUNDS TAKE PREPOSITIONS.
prepositions take a gerund afterwards
3. VERBS FOLLOWED BY THE GERUND.
INFINITIVE AND GERUND WITH CHANGE OF MEANING
A. regret, remember, forget
1. are used with a gerund when the actiion expressed by the
gerund is the earlier action
I regret spending so much money
forget + gerund is only
possible after will never forget.
2. when regret, remember, forget themselves express the earlier action, they are followed by
B. stop, try, mean, used
1. stop+___________ing: give up doing something
Why don´t you stop smoking before we all choke ?
2. stop+ to-infinitive:
come to a standstill in order to do something.
They stopped to drink and stretch their legs
3. mean + to infinitive:
have the intention to
I meant to get to the station on time,but it can be difficult.
Living abroad means adapting to another country's way of life.
OK, I'll try the other way round.
I tried to open the can before the guests arrived, but it was impossible.
used to +infinitive: something I did in the past
We used to live in the country
be used+________ing: be accostumed to something
I am used to walking, so
1. Put the verbs in the gerund or the infinitive:
1 __________ is really good fun. (fly)
Flying is really good fun.
2We stopped at the motorway services.__________
something__________ (get / eat) We stopped at the motorway services to get
something to eat.
'What's this for?'
'It's for.__________ vegetables.' (cook)
I can't get used to before the
dawn. (get up)
I'm sorry about_________ you. (not invite)
There's a lot of work_________ on the new building. (do)
I really love_________ with the children. (play)
_________ is a good form of exercise. (swim)
There are some very interesting things_________ in the British Museum. (see)
You're lucky you haven't got a child_________ . (look after)
We managed_________ the exam by _________ each other's answers. (pass /
Dave decided_________ Sheila for a week or two. (not phone)
I can't stand_________ the washing-up. (do)
I think I'm going to have to give up football. (play)
15 It really is time_________ . (go)
I've decided_________ here for another year. (not stay)
17 I know the keys are here: I
remember_________ somewhere. (put them down)
18 We were getting tired, so we stopped_________lunch. (have)
19 I tried_________ some salt, but it didn't
20 I'm looking forward to _________ the programme. (see)
I went home_________ that the children were alright. (check)
I 22 You're much too young_________ in there. (go)
23 I was surprised_________ about the new baby. (not hear)
24 We're very keen on _________ the team. (join)
25 It was a very odd
thing_________ . (say)
. 26 We decided_________ until the
end of the film. (not stay)
these sentences putting the verbs into the gerund, using a preposition from this
of in to after
of in to by .
for on at without
We talked………..o) to
France for our holiday.
talked about going to France for our holiday.
I look forward................ (see) you again next year.
She's tired................ (work) for the company.
I'm very happy................ my parents (come) home.
................ (open) the front door, I walked slowly through it.
We got into the house................ (climb) through a window.
I'm looking forward................ (work) with you.
Are you interested................ (join) the committee?
I'm tired................ (come) to the same place every week.
He's very keen................ (swim) at the moment.
I'm worried................ Jayne (get) to the airport on time.
I'm not interested................ (hear) your excuses.
She's very good................ (listen) to what people say.
This is used................ (cut) metal.
The car drove off................ (stop).
3. Verbs followed by the bare infinitive
Rewrite the sentences, using the words given. You may need to
He arrived early. (I saw)
I saw him arrive early.
2 I didn't want to stay at home. (They made me)
They made me stay at home.
3 She got out of the car. (We watched)
4 They allowed me to telephone my lawyer. (They let)
5 They left at eleven o'clock. (I heard)
6 The policeman told me to empty my pockets. (The policeman made) 7 The
through the window. (I saw)
8 Maybe the
school will ask me to pay extra. (Do you think the school
9 The animal moved. I felt it. (I felt the)
10 I want to leave the country. (Do you think the government will let)
to + infinitive to express
infinitive is used to express purpose:
I came here to see you.
went to London to study English.
drove to the airport to meet parents.
Express each question and answer as one sentence, using to + infinitive. Note
that you will need to change some words:
Why do you go to the beach every weekend?
I like swimming.
She goes to the beach every weekend to swim.
Why did you move to London?
wanted to find work.
Why are you leaving home?
I'm going to university in Birmingham
: Why are you having a party?
It's my thirtieth birthday, and I want to celebrate it.
Why do you get up at six every morning?
do my training then.
Why are you going out?
want to telephone my mother.
Why are you saving money?
to buy a car.
Why are you going to Egypt?
want to visit Ali's parents.
Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form. Note that sometimes
infinitive without to will be required:
'I was lonely at first,' the old man admitted, 'but after a time I got
to__________(live) alone and even got __________(like) it.'
Before trains were invented people used__________ (travel) on horseback or in
coaches. It used__________ (take) a stage coach three days__________ (go) from
I meant __________(buy) an evening paper but I didn't see anyone
Tom: I want__________ (catch) the 7 a.m. train tomorrow.
But that means__________ (get) up at 6.00; and you're not very good at
up early, are you?
He accepted the cut in salary without complaint because he was
afraid__________ (complain). He was afraid of __________(lose) his job.
She remembers part of her childhood quite clearly. She remembers
school for the first time and (be)__________frightened and
in her mouth. And she remembers her teacher (take)__________
Did you remember __________(lock) the car?
I didn't. I'd better__________ (go) back and (do) it now.
No, I didn't move the bomb. I was afraid__________(touch) it; I was afraid of
blown to pieces! .
Next time we go__________ (house-hunt), remember__________ (ask) the agent for
very clear directions. I wasted hours__________ (look) for the last
Tom: Let's (go) for a swim.
I'm not particularly keen on__________ (swim). What about __________(go) for
The hunters expected__________ (be paid) by the foot for the snakes they
This meant __________(take) the snakes out of the sack and __________(measure)
They seemed __________(expect) me __________(do) it; but I wasn't particularly
__________(be) the first__________ (die) of snakebite.
Supply the correct forms BARE INFINITIVE, TO--INFINITIVE
or -ING form.
We all tried___________________(stop) him, but he didn't listen to any of us.
If you do that, you'll have all the neighbours___________________(complain)
about the noise.
You'll regret___________________(smoke) when you get to old age.
If we hadn't turned the music off, they would have gone on_____________(dance)
for the whole night.
It was easy___________________(see) he was a burglar. He
started___________________(run) when he saw us.
You may want___________________(buy) a Jaguar, but I do not think you can
afford___________________(pay) for the petrol.
The police have warned us___________________(not come) near this part of the
Finally we managed___________________(get ) the box onto the roof.
They refused___________________(join) us for dinner because they were
Let's___________________(not make) too much noise or we'll wake the babies.
So, what would you prefer___________________(have) for dessert ? Fruit or an ice
I can't remember ever ___________________(be) with you in a course in Paris.
It is easy___________________(please) John. Just give some good food.
The soup was too hot___________________(drink), so we left it on th table.
There is one thing you ought___________________(know): we've run out of petrol.
Please, could we stop___________________(get) some sleep in a hotel.
GERUND AND INFINITIVE
1. Mrs Brown threatened to call (call)
2. We were so used to living (live) in
cold weather that we were always hot in other places.
3. Don't forget to close (close) gas
4. The teenager denied stealing (steal)
the car in the car park.
5. Many people enjoy travelling (travel)
abroad for the summer.
6. Though very quietly, they were heard
to go (go) upstairs
7. Jeff never talks about leaving
(leave) his job.
8. We were the first to arrive (arrive)
but the seats were taken.
9. I talked to Andrew and advised him to
see a doctor (see/use a personal pronoun)
10. I will never forget dancing (dance)
waltz on the ship.
11. I'm not very interested in taking
(take) that test. I'd sutrely fail it.
12. Whay don't you let me explain
(explain) to you.
13. We stopped to have (have) a drink
and then kept on moving (move)
14. We meant to get (get) to the station
before noon, but couldn't.
15. Living abroad means adapting (adapt)
yourself to other culture